The Gateway to the Arctic

This is the third article about my trip to Tromsø last weekend. I must admit, I am fascinated by the nature, the landscape and the culture in the northern part of Norway. They are not famous for a warm climate, but the people are really outspoken, open-minded, warm and friendly. The gateway to the artic is wonderful and I am glad I had my Nokia mobile phone easily available to capture some of my experiences to share with you (click on them to enlarge!).

Tromsø island – the centre

Tromsø is the largest city in the Nordic countries north of the Arctic Circle and is home to the world’s northernmost university, brewery and cathedral. The city lives on education, research, administration, fishing exports and satellite technology. The centre of the north has 62,000 residents and the Municipality of Tromsø covers an area of 2558 km². Around 50,000 people live in the centre of Tromsø, while the remainder is scattered throughout the whole municipality.

The main land – in the morning and in late afternoon

Tromsø was founded in 1794, although the first church was built here back in 1252. In the 1850s, Tromsø became the centre for Polar sea catches in the Arctic region, while in the early 1900s the city was the starting point for a host of expeditions to the Arctic and Antarctic regions, something that gave the city the nickname Gateway to the Arctic.

The harbour and the main land at night.
Notice the artic Cathedral!

In 1940, Tromsø was capital of the non-occupied Norway for a few weeks, and was the only city in Northern Norway to totally avoid war damage. In the years after 1960, Tromsø has experienced an exceptional growth in population, which is in part due to the establishment of institutions like the University of Tromsø and the Norwegian Polar Institute.
The last article will be about my exiting trip with the gondola and some of the wild life in the Artic, meaning: there will be more to come, so please come back soon!